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LIBRA^EY 

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PRINCETON, N J. 

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I Princeton, _N. J. 

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THE 



MISSIONARY HERALD. 



VoL. LV. DECEMBER, 1 85 9. No. 12. 



Jlntfriran of €ominissiot»rs for lonip D'issions. 



Cpaboon ^issioit. — Mcsl Africa. 

LETTER FROM MR. BUSHXELL, JULY 4 — 

22, 1859. 

Ix this letter, Mr. Bushnell touches briefly 
upon various matters connected with the 
interests and prospects of the missionary 
work at the Gaboon ; — the receiving of one 
person to the church ; the seriousness of 
others; the “doing well” of native helpers 
at Nengenenge ; the friendly professions and 
probable plans of the French; and cases of 
sickness. 

One Added to the Church — Inquirers. 

July 4. Yesterday was our semi-annual 
communion season, on which occasion 
we were thankful to receive to our little 
church a young man, the son of Ntoko, 
the heathen chief who died a few months 
since. This young man has, in the 
midst of opposition, and powerful, adverse 
influences, come out from his heathen 
friends and associates, and taken a de- 
cided stand on the Lord’s side. He 
seems to be firmly established in the 
truth, and his influence is beginning to 
be salutary among his former compan- 
ions ; but he is afflicted with an incurable 
malady, which will incapacitate him for 
extensive service in the vineyard of the 
Lord. The other young man who was 
expecting to unite with the church at 
the same time, was absent from home, 

VOL. LV. 23 



and another, a poor slave, was requested 
to wait for further instruction. I have 
also a class of inquirers, who meet me 
once or twice a week for instruction, 
several of whom I trust will, at no distant 
day, be numbered with the friends and 
followers of Christ. 

JVengenenge and Vicinity. 

11. Last week I visited Nengenenge, 
and found the native young men whom 
we have left in charge of the place 
doing very well. They have a few 
boys, former members of the school, 
staying with them, to whom they impart 
instruction; and on the Sabbath, and 
morning and evening, a few from the 
town meet with them for religious wor- 
ship. The people on the island are 
anxiously awaiting the re-occupation of 
the station, and the people of the sur- 
rounding towns will welcome mission- 
aries. 

The state of things among the tribes 
in that vicinity is much as it has been 
during several years past. The Bakeles 
and Shekanes are gradually disappearing 
before their more numerous and. powerful 
neighbors the Pangwes, who are fast 
becoming acquainted with the art of 
making and navigating canoes. They 
have several large towns on the river. 



354 



Gaboon Mission: — Letter from Mr. Bushnell. 



below as well as above Nengenenge ; 
and will at no distant day be masters of 
the river. 

The French. 

The French frigate is still anchored 
below Nengenenge, and is to remain 
there permanently. I dined on board 
with the commander, from whom I re- 
ceived special attention. He and his 
men have suffered much from fever, and 
he gave it as his opinion that white men 
could not live there. Still, some do live, 
and it is doubtless the intention of the 
Commander in Chief to retain his hold 
upon the Olombo Mpolo, and to extend 
French influence, commerce and power 
into the interior, as fast as practicable. 
While I was at Nengenenge, the steamer 
“ Arab ” came up and anchored near the 
frigate, with the Commander in Chief on 
board. As I passed I called on board, 
but did not see the Commander, who 
had retired to seek repose. 

Since I wrote the above, the head-man 
of Nengenenge has come down, and 
informs me that the day after I left that 
place the Commander in Chief called 
him and the other head-men of the river 
on board ; gave them their “ dash,” or 
present ; and told them that he wished 
the missionaries to leave Nengenenge, 
as they wanted the island, &c. But 
they refused to give their consent with- 
out first consulting with us. We have 
frequently heard that the French officials 
desired the island, but we do not believe 
they will dispossess us if we are able to 
occupy it. We have repeatedly stated 
to French officers with whom we have 
met, our intention to resume the station, 
and make it the centre of our interior 
operations. 

20. I have just returned from a visit 
to the Plateau. I had an interview with 
the new Governor, who resides on shore, 
and also with the Commodore, who is, 
I believe. Commander in Chief of all 
the French possessions on this part 
of the coast. They received me very 
courteously and manifested a friendly 



Dec. 

disposition towards the mission, offer- 
ing us their services, if in any case we 
needed them. They have a large num- 
ber of white men, from the ships of war 
at anchor in the river, laboring on shore, 
and are building and making many im- 
provements, clearing ground, laying out 
roads, &c. 

Sickness — Intelligence from Corisco. 

22. We are again afflicted with sick- 
-ness. Miss Van Allen was attacked 
with fever yesterday, and is quite ill this 
morning. I am not certain whether it 
will prove to be a malignant case or not. 
Mrs. Best also is sick, and one or two 
others of our number are complaining. 
O, what a happy land that will be, where 
‘ the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick ! ’ 
A letter from Corisco informs us that 
Mr. Ogden, of whom I made mention in 
my last, had not recovered fully, and 
might have to return to the United 
States ; and that Mr. Clemens, who 
recently returned from the United States, 
was suffering a good deal from fever. 
But there was more than usual religious 
interest among the people on the island, 
which greatly encouraged the faith of 
our brethren there. I may add, that last 
Sabbath we noticed an unusual serious- 
ness in our congregations here. Among 
the few people who are left in the towns, 
many being absent, trading, there are 
several cases of inquiry. I spend con- 
siderable time in visiting the people in 
their towns, and in these personal efforts 
I find much satisfacton. Would that I 
could be freed from teaching, from at- 
tending to the sick and suffering, and 
from house building and repairing, &c., 
and be able to devote my time and 
strength to direct labors for the salvation 
of souls. 



Pissioit. — gifrita. 

REPORT OF THE UMVOTI STATION. 
Mr. Aldin Grout, who returned to his 
station at Umvoti, after his visit to the United 
States, in January last, reports for the first 
six months of the year, in a cheerful strain. 



1859. 



355 



Zulu Mission : — Report 

“ I am not able,” he writes, “ to say all I 
could wish, and yet, the church, station and 
people, were never before in so favorable a 
state, by far. I do not see all I hoped and 
prayed for while at home, still I do not know 
but I ought to say that all my prayers have 
evidently been heard.” 

Congregation — Sabbath School. 

At the station, worship has been reg- 
ularly maintained every Sabbath, with an 
average congregation of 272. Upon the 
first Sabbath after our return, I think 
there were twice as many as could sit in 
the chapel, and we worshiped in a grove 
near by. Our assembly, as to quietness 
and attention to preaching, compares 
not unfavorably with congregations in 
our father land. We cannot say it is 
always quite as still, because we encour- 
age mothers to attend, though they must 
take their small children with them. I 
have been pleased, not only to see that 
there was an increase of numbers during 
my absence, but an improvement in the 
appearance of the congregation, particu- 
larly in clothing. About two-thirds of 
the people are now very respectably clad. 

Our Sabbath school, also, has improv- 
ed. I believe 96 was the number we had 
when I left, two years ago. It now 
numbers 135, and I do not know that I 
saw, while at home, a more interested 
school. The pupils cannot progress in 
scriptural and religious knowledge as fast 
as civilized children do, both because 
they are destitute, in great measure, of 
suitable books, and because their teach- 
ers are, to a great extent, incompetent. 
Still, it is generally true of the teachers : 
“ Give a man a situation and he will find 
ability to fill it.” If they are deficient in 
scriptural knowledge we believe them to 
be truly pious ; and their earnest, un- 
sophisticated manner, and direct appeals 
to the heart, in the matter of religious 
experience, will leave an impression on 
the minds of the pupils. 

The Church — Jin Interesting Case. 

Our church now numbers 53. Since 
my return, five have been added to it. 



of the TJmvoti Station. 

two by letter from a sister church, and 
three by profession. Several others have 
presented themselves as candidates for 
admission. Some of these are evidently 
true Christians, or earnestly seeking to 
become such. The improved condition 
of our church members is so universally 
admitted by the heathen, that we have to 
guard the entrance diligently, lest the 
church be filled with members whose 
thoughts and interests will extend only 
to their graves. 

One of those now added to our church 
is the youngest child of Umankamba, 
who was made a widow, I think, in 1845, 
her husband having been killed for witch- 
craft. She and her two children were to 
have been killed also, but were saved by 
secreting themselves for two days and 
nights in the bush, without food. Hun- 
ger and reflection brought to mind the 
fact, that missionaries were men of mercy. 
The thought caused Umankamba to rise 
at once, and leaving Uzilinga, then about 
three years of age, in the bush alone, she 
soon stood at my door, to inquire if it 
were true that missionaries were men of 
mercy. The poor old mother, being sat- 
isfied that what she had heard was tfue, 
by being protected and fed when no one 
else would help her, soon, with her 
fatherless children, stood before me to 
say; “Teacher, you have saved us, and 
now we are yours. Do with us just as 
you please ; we will live and die by 
you.” Now, behold, I am most happy to 
say, the mother and her two children are 
members of our church, and find greater 
mercy in Christ than they ever hoped to 
find in a missionary. A few such inci- 
dents, in the experience of missionaries, 
are of themselves more than a compensa- 
tion for all we give up in complying with 
Christ’s command, to go every where 
preaching the word. 

Schools. 

Our day school continues to be taught 
by Benjamin, and with better success 
than we could reasonably have expected. 
The fact that our yard is filled with chil- 



356 



Zulu 3Tission : — Report of the Umvoti Station. 



dren, running and jumping about an 
hour before the time for the bell to ring, 
is one of the best testimonials we could 
have that the school is doing well. From 
forty to fifty are daily assembled, doing 
just as children in the district schools of 
our father-land are doing, only they do it 
at an earlier age. More than half the 
scholars are actually farther advanced in 
reading, spelling and arithmetic, than 
children of the same age are at home. 
Two facts may explain this in part. 
They commence younger, and their lan- 
guage is more simple, and acquired more 
easily. 

Improvements. 

Our people improve in their worldly 
condition as fast as we could expect, and 
perhaps as fast as would be for their 
good. A few have as good houses as are 
common among white men in the Colony, 
built of brick, plastered and whitewash- 
ed, with fireplace and chimney. By the 
help of oxen and plough, some of them 
already cultivate their entire plot of 
fifteen acres of land, and are calling for 
more. A few are laying aside money to 
purchase for themselves farms, like civil- 
ized men. 

Many are deeply interested in the sub- 
ject, now agitated at other stations as 
well as here, of setting apart some of 
their own number, and locating them at 
some of the many favorable situations 
now calling for help among their people. 
They have requested me to present this 
subject to our mission, at its meeting, 
to see if such a thing cannot be done ; 
and if so, they wish us to suggest to 
them in what way it can be effected. 

Nearly all the residents on the Reser- 
vation around the station, now see the 
importance of owning land, and wish 
each to obtain a title to that which they 
may use as their own. While Mr. Mel- 
len had the care of the station, he laid 
off twenty-three lots, of about fifteen 
acres each, for the same number of men. 
More than thirty had previously obtained 
lots, and since my return, I have had 
many applications for the same favor. I 



Dec. 

think about as many now have lots on 
the Reservation as can subsist on it. 
Christianity and civilization advance 
hand in hand. Christians do not now find 
it necessary to flee to our station for pro- 
tection, but can live unmolested on any 
part of the Reservation. Several are 
adopting a civilized life, who, as yet, 
make no pretence to piety. As many as 
fifteen upright, civilized houses, some of 
bricks, some of poles, have been erected 
since I left, two years ago. 

Week-day Meetings. 

Meetings held during the week, it is said, 
have increased as much in proportion as those 
on the Sabbath. The monthly missionary 
prayer-meeting is largely attended, and the 
interest is much increased by the use of large 
missionary maps, which were presented by 
the Sabbath school of the Winthrop Church, 
Charlestown, Mass. About $19 have been 
collected at these meetings since Mr. Grout’s 
return. He writes : 

I should add, that in my absence, Mr. 
Mellen commenced worship at several 
places, ten or twenty miles distant from 
us, where some of our people, and occa- 
sionally Mr. Mellen himself, have been 
out on the Sabbath. At those places, 
usually at Chiefs’ kraals, the congrega- 
tions have not been large, but forty or 
fifty usually attend, and evidence is not 
wanting that good has been effected. 
One of the chiefs recently came to 
my station on purpose to express his 
thanks that a service had been held 
at his place ; and he professed a strong 
wish and hope that it might be a perma- 
nent arrangement, and inquired whether 
we could not locate a missionary there. 

Conclusion. 

In conclusion, I wish to express the 
gratitude and hope I feel, in this my first 
Report, after resuming my labors at Um- 
voti. I felt compelled, against my own 
feelings and wishes, to vacate my station 
for a time. I went out not knowing 
whither I went, or the things that should 
befall me. But God knew all, ordered 
all, led us as by the hand, and made our 



1859. 



357 



Ceylon Mission : — Letter from Mr. Hitchcock. 



outgoing and incoming to rejoice. I 
have indeed rejoiced in all the way 
in which God has led me since I first 
received my commission to go out and 
preach ; but no part of it has been more 
pleasant, and I may add, that I hope and 
believe no part has been more profitable, 
telling more directly on our work here 
for the salvation of the Zulus, than the 
year I spent in the United States. 



Crglon fission. 

TILLIP ALL Y. 

LETTER FROM MR. HITCHCOCK, AUGUST 

22, 1859. 

Mr. Hitchcock, who has not been very 
long in the missionary field, mentions in this 
letter some of the things which cheer him in 
his work ; — evidences that the Spirit is moving 
upon some hearts, and that past missionary 
labors in Ceylon have not been in vain. 

Pleasing Indications. 

There have been evidences of the pres- 
ence of the Spirit with us during the 
greater part of the past year. One, and 
another, and another, would come to talk 
about the concerns of the soul; and 
among them, a few seem to have chosen 
the good part — time only can show. So 
many have drawn back, even after having 
united with the people of God, that it 
becomes us to speak with caution; but 
while we see evidence of spiritual life 
we shall hope. Several of these are just 
the last persons any one would have ex- 
pected to leave heathenism. One has 
been taken from a circle of boon com- 
panions, a man in the prime of life, the 
soul of the company of dancers to whom 
he belonged, and from whom he freed 
himself after repeated struggles. Anoth- 
er is an old man, on the verge of the 
grave. He has read John’s Gospel through 
three times in as many weeks. His 
neighbors say he reads all the time. 
Ten years ago he wished to unite with 
the church, was refused, and has been a 
violent opposer ever since. His son was 
excommunicated at the last communion 



season, and I suppose the father was the 
first cause of the son’s apostasy. One 
other I have before mentioned to you, a 
blind old man. He was called the de- 
ceiver, from his known character. It is 
unnecessary to mention others ; there are 
five or six who, we hope, are sincere. 
Three united with us in July. 

A Humble hut Faithful One. 

One death has occurred. One of our 
lowly ones was taken, but I have little 
doubt that he was much higher in the 
estimation of Jesus than many of higher 
standing among men, and that he has 
joined his sainted pastor, and father in 
the Lord, Dr. Poor. It is truly encour- 
aging to think that one of the early con- 
verts should remain steadfast so long, 
and die in a ripe old age, beloved and 
respected by all ; not simply by mission- 
aries and Christians, but by the heathen. 
Every one says, “Onesimus was what 
he professed to be.” 

Onesimus united with this church in 
August, 1821. His supposed age then 
was thirty-five. He was a slave, and 
was purchased and given his freedom by 
Dr. Poor, about the time of his uniting 
with the church. From that time until 
his death, as far as I can learn, he has 
never disgraced the Christian name. In 
1831, he was chosen deacon. His rank 
among the people rendered his influence 
less extensive, but he did not hesitate to 
do his duty according to his conception 
of it, and many a faithful warning has 
he given to the wealthy and the learned. 
Often has he gone from house to house 
among the Christians, that with them he 
might have a season of prayer ; and often 
has he come to the mission-house, in the 
dead of night, and called up his pas- 
tor, when, together, they would kneel 
and pray for some man or woman who, 
Onesimus feared, was in danger. of being 
lost. For some years he has been feeble 
— only a wreck, in mind and body, of his 
former self. Thus I found him ; but even 
thus I learned to love him. He was 
always meek, humble, childlike. When 



358 



Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes. 



suffering with severe pain, he would be 
very quiet while the Scriptures were read 
and prayer offered. Who shall say, after 
looking at such a trophy of divine grace, 
that the Jaffna mission has been a failure, 
even if there be no other trophy ? Who 
shall say, (as I have often heard it said,) 
that conversion among the heathen is 
nothing ? This one case of holy living 
and happy dying has done much to en- 
courage me. If I could be instrumental 
in fitting one such soul for a mansion in 
heaven, I ought to be satisfied with my 
missionary labor. 

One other aged member of the church 
has appeared to be on the borders of the 
grave for several weeks. She is unable 
to converse, bnt a single sentence from 
her grandson, Mr. R. Breckenridge, 
gave me much satisfaction. It was this: 
“ She taught me to pray.” Perhaps that 
was her mission, to teach that grandson 
to pray. 



glabura Pission. — |nbm. 

PERIACUL UM. 

LETTER FROM MR. ^’OyES, JUNE, 1859. 

This letter is long, was written at several 
different times and places, and relates inci- 
dents which occurred upon several different 
tours. Extracts only can be given, which are 
designed to be so selected as to bring to view 
various matters of interest ; — the state of vil- 
lage congregations ; the many cares of a 
missionary among such a people ; the char- 
acter of his work as he tours among them, 
its pleasures and its trials ; and the evidence 
that labor is not in vain. The first extracts 
were also extracted by Mr. Noyes, from a 
letter written to a friend while on a tour 
among his villages in the winter. Tu this 
friend he wrote respecting 

Touring. 

I have been from home a week, and 
must visit several congregations, and 
travel forty miles more, before I return. 
We cannot travel and preach all the 
time, and it is a relief to get a quiet 
hour and sit down alone, behind a screen, 
in the rear of some mud-walled church 
or school-house, and write to a friend. 



Dec. 

Since I left home a week ago, I have 
traveled on horseback about eighty 
miles ; have visited eleven congrega- 
tions ; have talked a great deal, and 
have preached several times a day to 
Christians and heathen ; have adminis- 
tered the Lord’s supper in three places ; 
have received to the communion of the 
church one new member, baptized one 
child, and solemnized one marriage ; have 
settled quarrels, listened to complaints of 
various kinds, and administered to the 
sick of various diseases. 

A poor woman, the wife of a church 
member, herself a communicant, with 
three small children, came in an implor- 
ing attitude, and said that her husband 
had deserted her and taken another wife. 
The charge was proved and the church 
member suspended. The fall of this 
native brother, who had been an active 
member of the church and one of the 
deacons, is a heavy blow, but the Lord 
can overrule it for good. In another 
church, a member of considerable influ- 
ence has absented himself from the 
Sabbath services for several months, and 
from the Lord’s table on two occasions. 
It is reported of him, also, that he is 
about to become a polygamist, and I fear 
there is truth in the report. The church, 
while together yesterday, appointed a 
committee to wait on him and ascertain 
the cause of his long absence from the 
sanctuary, and the state of his mind. 

At another village a petition was hand- 
ed me, signed by four members of the 
congregation, charging the catechist with 
adultery, drunkenness, and general neg- 
lect of his duties. I was happy to find, 
on examination, that the more substan- 
tial part of the congregation, including 
the church members, stood by their cat- 
echist and gave their testimony in his 
favor. It was very evident that the pe- 
tition was got up for a purpose, and that 
a recently dismissed catechist was at the 
bottom of it. 

Cares and Pleasures. 

Sometimes, on these tours, I get quite 



1859. 



359 



Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes. 



worn out and discouraged, but generally 
I enjoy more when going about among 
these congregations and churches than I 
do in any other kind of labor. The poor 
people come to us as children to a father ; 
they receive every thing which falls from 
our lips with as much confidence as if 
they believed us unerring and infallible ; 
they listen to our preaching with the 
greatest apparent earnestness ; they join 
in the devotional exercises in a reverent 
manner, and pray and sing with fervor. 

Trials of Native Christians. 

While their heathen neighbors and 
relatives labor on the Sabbath, and re- 
ceive the price of their daily bread ; or, 
in harvest time, return home on Sabbath 
evening, with their basket of grain ; these 
poor Christians are content to lose a 
day's work, while perhaps they suffer 
with hunger in consequence. For the 
sake of keeping holy the Sabbath day, 
they perhaps fall into disfavor with their 
heathen masters or landlords, who, of 
course, prefer to have them work all the 
time, especially in harvest ; but they pre- 
fer to do this rather than to break the Sab- 
bath. The famine has been a great trial 
to them, and I fear that some, unaccus- 
tomed to labor on this sacred day, have 
been driven to it by hunger. 

Success among the Lowly. 

It is much more pleasant to labor 
among these simple, teachable people, 
than to preach to the proud and bigoted 
high-caste heathen, who call in question 
every word we utter, and treat our 
message with indifference or contempt. 
Yet this is not always so. I am happy 
to say, that the heathen of all classes 
will often listen to our message with 
attention and candor. Our success, hith- 
erto, has been mostly with the lower 
classes, but we are gradually working 
up, and Shanars, Naiks, and, in solitary 
cases, those of higher castes, have em- 
braced Christianity, though, as yet, not 
generally enough to wipe away the re- 
proach, that ours a Pariah religion. I • 



remember that the Lord has chosen the 
poor of this world to be rich in faith, and 
rejoice the more in this feature of our 
work, because it agrees with the experi- 
ence of the church of Christ in all ages, 
and is according to God’s plan. 

After returning from the tour to which the 
foregoing extracts relate, Mr. Noyes went to 
the hills, on business connected with the 
sanitarium, and on the 24th of February he 
commenced a journey to Madras, to meet 
his wife, returning from the United States. 
With reference to this journey also, he gives 
extracts from an account of it, written, as he 
says, for another purpose. 

Religious Desolations. 

In passing, recently, from Dindigul 
through a part of the Coiambatore and 
Salem districts, to Madras, I tarried for a 
day at several large villages ; and among 
my observations and inquiries, I endeav- 
ored to ascertain what was being done 
for the spiritual welfare of the inhabitants 
of this section of country, as well as to 
do, myself, what I could, in distributing 
tracts and preaching the Gospel. Leav- 
ing Dindigul, I took a road not much 
traveled, directly north, to Karrur, forty- 
five miles. There are very few villages 
of importance on this road north of Din- 
digul, and the country is comparatively 
waste and barren until we enter the Co- 
iambatore district. As we approach the 
Cavery river, the face of the country pre- 
sents an entirely new aspect. Instead of 
rocks, sand and jungle, with sparse trees 
and a sparse population, we have exten- 
sive rice fields, palmyra and cocoa-nut 
groves, plantain and betel gardens, with 
large and numerous villages. The talook 
of Karrur is said to be the most produc- 
tive of any one in the Coiambatore dis- 
trict. Karrur village is one of the largest 
in the talook. Being a centre, with a 
large number of inhabitants within, and 
numerous villages around it, one would 
take it to be a good residence for a mis- 
sionary and a favorable place for mission- 
ary operations. But on inquiry, I could 
not find that any kind of missionary 
agency was being employed any where 



360 



Madura 3Iission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes. 



in this region. Salem, fifty miles to the 
north, Dindigul, forty-five miles to the 
south, and Coiambatore, seventy miles 
west, are the nearest centres of mission- 
ary influence to Karrur, and unfortu- 
nately the influence from neither place 
has extended so far. The American 
missionaries confine their labors to the 
Madura Collectorate ; the missionary of 
the London Society in Salem, has much 
more than he can attend to nearer home, 
in his own district ; and Mr. Addis of 
Coiambatore, can do very little, if any 
thing, for this so distant part of his large 
district. Between Karrur and Salem is 
a fine country, containing many popu- 
lous villages, but next to nothing has 
been done for the spiritual welfare of the 
inhabitants. 

Of the missionary operations of Rev. Mr. 
Lechler and wife, in and around Salem, our 
brother gives a very pleasant account. He 
then says : 

From Salem to the railroad terminus, I 
traveled by slow stages, tarrying at sev- 
eral places on the road, where I endeav- 
ored, as I was able, to make known 
Christ and the true way of salvation. 
The destitution on this side of Salem is 
no less lamentable than on the other. In 
one village I found a solitary Christian, 
without any stated means of grace. He 
urged me to remain over the Sabbath. 
Not being able to do this, I appointed a 
meeting at the public bungalow, which 
he, his family, and several Roman Cath- 
olics attended. I could find scarcely a 
trace of missionary operations until I 
came to Tripatore, eighty miles from 
Salem, where the mission of the Free 
Church of Scotland has an Anglo-ver- 
nacular school, which had been in opera- 
tion nearly a year. The two young men 
who are employed as teachers of this 
school came to see me, at the public 
bungalow, and attended a meeting which 
I had appointed on the Sabbath. 

Influence of a Tract. 

These young men gave me an account 
of their conversion, in which I was much 



Dec. 

interested. They received their first 
knowledge of Christianity from a tract, 
which was given to one of them by a 
missionary who was passing through the 
village. He read it in the hearing of 
two of his companions. All three were 
impressed with the truth of their sinful- 
ness, and had thoughts of becoming her- 
mits. They needed more light; and 
providentially a copy of a larger tract, 
entitled “ Spiritual Teaching,” was given 
to one of them. From this they learned 
the way of God more perfectly, and de- 
termined to make a journey to Madras 
to see a missionary. They were direct- 
ed to the Anderson school, where they 
remained for some time under religious 
instruction. They became Christians ; 
were baptized; and two of them have 
been for some time employed as teachers 
in their native place. The other is em- 
ployed in the “ Railroad Department.” 

*dppeal. 

On my way from this place, until 
reaching the vicinity of Vellore, where I 
took the cars, I stopped at several vil- 
lages to which the Arcot mission had oc- 
casionally extended its itinerating labors ; 
but between Vellore and Salem, except- 
ing this one school, there were no marks 
of a regular missionary agency. The 
dearth of missionary influence in these 
parts is great in the extreme, but there 
are many portions of Southern India 
which are equally destitute. One-half of 
the Tamil country is entirely unoccupied, 
and even the districts which have been 
more or less occupied by missionaries, as 
South Travancore, Tinnevelly, Madura 
and Tanjore, urgently need a great in- 
crease of laborers. For a population of 
ten millions, scattered over an area of 
56,000 square miles, the whole European 
missionary agency is only ninety-three — 
one ordained missionai'y to about ninety 
thousand souls! When will Christians 
in Europe and America awake to a proper 
realization of the vastness of this mis- 
sionary field, and send out an adequate 
number of laborers to cultivate it ! If 



1859. 



361 



Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes. 



not already ripe for the harvest, it is 
quite ready for sowing the good seed. 
In all the places which I have visited on 
this journey, I have found the people 
willing to hear the Gospel, and eager to 
obtain tracts and portions of Scripture. 
The same is the case in almost all parts 
of the Tamil country. 

Periaculum — Native Helpers and Pastor. 

Mr. Noyes proceeded from Vellore to Ma- 
dras, where he met his wife, and in due time 
returned with her to Periaculum. Respecting 
the conduct and influence of the native help- 
ers and a native pastor he writes, while ab- 
sent on another tour : 

Soon after reaching my station, from 
which I had been absent nearly three 
months, I called a general meeting of my 
catechists and teachers, and listened to 
their reports. I was encouraged to find, 
that in my absence the work had pro- 
gressed, and that the helpers generally 
had been faithful. The Sabbath before 
I left home for this tour, I attended ser- 
vice at the church over which E. Sey- 
mour is pastor. This young brother, 
after going through a prescribed course 
of study, and sustaining a thorough ex- 
amination before the mission, was or- 
dained in December last. His people 
are united in him, and he exerts a good 
influence over them, but they do not feel 
able to do much towards his support. On 
this Sabbath the Lord’s supper was ad- 
ministered, and three men were admitted 
to the church and baptized. It was an 
interesting season. I had not before 
been present when the native pastor ad- 
ministered the ordinance. I was pleased 
with the great propriety with which he 
officiated, and the apparent interest man- 
ifested by the communicants. 

Coyelapurum. 

Writing from Coyelapurum, June 10, he 
says : 

This morning I visited a small con- 
gregation two miles from this place. 
After the usual meeting, the school was 
examined. There are thirteen scholars, 
taught by a graduate of the female board- 



ing school, the sister of the catechist and 
a widow. On arriving at this, one of 
my largest and best congregations, men, 
women and children thronged the way 
to the church to meet me, as usual, glad 
to see their missionary. Many of the 
people have gone to their work, and will 
not return until evening. Those who 
have come have much to say. Their 
well has caved in, and they wish me to 
come and see it. Their church-sweeper 
needs a new cloth, and they feel too 
poor, in these hard times, to buy one for 
her. The motherless babe for which 
Ayer bought a goat is dead ; now will 
not Ayer let us sell the goat and take the 
money to help repair our well ? A new 
school-house is needed, the catechist’s 
house needs repairs, various petty com- 
plaints must be listened to, and thus the 
whole time, with little snatches of read- 
ing, has gone, until dinner is ready. 
After dinner, while I am writing, two 
catechists have gone out to two neigh- 
boring congregations, which I have not 
time to visit, to invite the members to 
attend our evening service with this con- 
gregation. 

In this village there are 126 catechu- 
mens and 24 church members. The 
church has no pastor, and, at present, 
only one deacon, the other having died 
recently. The deacon is an active Chris- 
tian, and the catechist, who is well edu- 
cated, performs some pastoral duties. 
The school is small ; but with a new 
teacher, fresh from Pasumalie seminary, 
and with the prospect of a new school- 
house, I trust it may be hereafter much 
larger. 

Cumbum — Difficulties. 

The church edifice in Cumbum is a 
large square building, supported on posts 
in the centre, with mud walls at the sides 
and a roof of thatch. It has been the 
place of worship for this congregation 
twenty years. The first generation of 
Christians which worshiped in it has 
nearly passed away, and their children 
are taking their places. The people 



862 



Dec. 



Madura Mission : — Letter from Mr. Noyes. 



have advanced far less in Christian 
knowledge than they would have done 
were they not so far away from the sta- 
tion, which has been, until w’ithin a few 
years, most of the time without a resi- 
dent missionary. Cumbum congregation 
is in comparatively good worldly circum- 
stances, but it is hard to teach those who 
have always had every thing done for 
them, to do much for themselves. They 
have learned to do a little by way of 
keeping their church in repair, but far 
less than they ought to do. They desire 
a new church and offer to do considera- 
ble towards erecting one, but I am not 
able to furnish them the aid they require. 
They have been, for some time, much 
distracted by divisions and contentions. 
The unruly members, six in number, 
have been struck from the list, and there 
is at present comparative peace and 
quiet. 

Additions to the Church. 

I spent the Sabbath at this place, and 
three services were held in the church. 
At the afternoon service the Lord’s sup- 
per was celebrated, and six new mem- 
bers were received to the communion of 
the church, on profession of their faith. 
These, with two children, were baptized. 
After the evening service a marriage was 
solemnized, and another the next morn- 
ing. On Monday morning I should have 
visited another congregation, seven miles 
farther from home, but rain prevented. 
The village in which I now write is four 
miles from Cumbum, on my way home. 
I have put up here for the day, and as 
the congregation have gone to their 
work, I spend the time in attending to 
some business with several catechists 
who have come together from adjacent 
villages, and in conversation with indi- 
viduals as they call upon me. In the 
cool of the afternoon I am to visit a vil- 
lage two miles distant, where a few peo- 
ple have lately shown a disposition to 
embrace Christianity, and then return to 
hold a meeting with this congregation in 
the evening. 



Thevaurum and Bodinackanoor. 

Thevaurum is the residence of a Zemin- 
dar, who has done a great deal to injure 
our congregations in these parts. Hav- 
ing held an evening meeting with what 
remains of the congregation, which has 
been thoroughly sifted by the Zemindar’s 
persecutions, I went on eleven miles, 
through sand and jungle, traveling nearly 
all night, to the last Christian village in 
my circuit, Bodinackanoor. This is also 
the residence of a Zemindar, but he is 
friendly to the Christians. In this vil- 
lage I remained through the day. In the 
morning, the members of the congrega- 
tion, men, women and children, came in 
a company to the church, bringing a 
plate loaded with plantains, lemons and 
limes. Each one had also a lime to pre- 
sent personally. This congregation is 
composed almost entirely of young mar- 
ried men. Their wives for a long time 
would not attend church, but now they 
are quite as regular, and seem as much 
interested, as the men. The young man 
who has labored as catechist in this con- 
gregation for about three years, has been 
very faithful, and has taught the congre- 
gation more of the Bible than they had 
learned before in twice that time. I 
spent most of the morning in hearing 
them recite Bible History. In the after- 
noon the Lord’s supper Avas administered, 
and three men were received to the 
church, on profession of their faith, in- 
creasing the number of members to 
eighteen. 

A Summary, 

This has been to me an interesting 
tour, and I trust not unprofitable to the 
people. I have traveled eighty-eight 
miles, have visited eleven congregations, 
administered the Lord’s supper in four 
churches, received to the church nine 
persons, baptized eight adults and six 
children, solemnized three marriages, 
and have preached in season and out of 
season, and had occasion to warn, re- 
buke and exhort, with all long-suffering 
and patience. Several congregations 



1859 . Ahmednuggur Mission : — Letter from Mr, BaJlantine. 363 



were not visited, and at one of the 
churches the Lord’s supper was not cele- 
brated. I have been away seven days, 
and am glad to get back to my home. 



gil^mcbmtggur p^ission. — 

LETTER FROM MR. B A L.LA:«TINE, AUGUST 

18 , 1859 . 

Interesting Occasion at Ahmednuggur, 

Mr. Ballaxtine writes, that Lord El- 
phinston, Governor of Bombay, spending a 
few weeks at Ahmednuggur, as the guest of 
the excellent Collector of the district, C. E. 
Fraser Tytler, Esq., signified a wish to visit 
the mission schools. Accordingly the differ- 
ent schools were brought together in the mis- 
sion chapel, on Monday, August 8, when the 
Governor and his suite came in. The girls 
of Mrs. Ballantine’s school, the boys of the 
school for catechists, and the members of the 
theological class, were examined in various 
branches of study. Many of the details given 
by Mr. Ballantine, in regard to this gathering 
of the schools, and other occasions of interest 
to the missionaries during the visit of the 
Governor, were not designed for the public, 
but portions of his letter may be published, 
for the encouragement of the friends of mis- 
sions. He says : 

The whole examination seemed to in- 
terest the audience very much, especially 
when they were told that all these young 
men, and the boys and girls of the schools, 
were either converts themselves or chil- 
dren of converts. We had also quite a 
large number of native Christians assem- 
bled in the chapel, at the particular request 
of Mr. and Mrs. Tytler ; and one or two of 
the gentlemen present remarked that they 
had no idea of any such missionary op- 
erations, and of such a body of native 
Christians here. The Governor made 
many inquiries about the Christians, and 
remarked that he was pleased to see that 
we did not change the dress of our con- 
verts, as a change of dress must diminish 
their influence among their own people. 

The exercises were commenced by 
singing the Mahratta Hymn, “ God save 
the Queen,” and closed by singing in 
Mahratta, Bishop Heber’s Hymn, “ From 
Greenland’s icy mountains.” The whole 



I company rose and stood while these 
hymns were sung. Lord Elphinston ex- 
pressed himself as very much pleased 
with what he saw at the examination, 
not only to us personally, but afterwards, 
as we were told, to Mr. and Mrs. Tytler. 

On Friday, Mrs. Tytler invited the 
girls of Mrs. Ballantine’s and Miss Far- 
rar’s schools, and the Christian women, 
to a great entertainment in her garden. 
A few also of our Christian young men 
went with them, and in all, there was a 
company of one hundred and fifty or more. 
Lord Elphinston came to see them with 
the gentlemen of his suite, some of 
whom remarked to me afterwards, that 
they were very much delighted to see 
such a large company of native Chris- 
tians. It seemed to be the effort of Mr. 
and Mrs. Tytler on this occasion, to show 
to the whole community that native Chris- 
tians were the objects of their special 
regard. This, in these days of Govern- 
ment religious neutrality, was very grat- 
ifying to us. 

I have been more particular in describ- 
ing these circumstances, partly because 
our operations are entirely in the vernac- 
ular, and the policy we are pursuing is 
adopted by but few missions in this coun- 
try, though it evidently commends itself as 
a wise policy to those who have an oppor- 
tunity of seeing the results ; and also be- 
cause, in these days, when this Govern- 
ment is required to be entirely neutral on 
matters of religion, it is pleasant to find 
that there are individuals, in the highest 
places of authority, who are pleased to 
see the progress of the Gospel in this 
land, and are willing to show publicly 
their interest in the native Christians, 
now a large and constantly increasing 
body, and to help in the good work of 
spreading the Gospel. 



gtssgria fission. — 

HARD IN, 

LETTER FROM DR. HASKELL, AUGUST 

15 , 1859 . 

Dr. Haskell left Mosiil, with his wife, in 



3G4 



Dec. 



Assyina 3Tission : — Letter from Dr. Haskell. 



the latter part of April, arriving at Mardin, 
May 17 ; yet they had suffered considerably, he 
says, from the heat, and concluded that, here- 
after, they ought to leave as early as the first 
of April. He speaks of the heat of Mosul as 
“terrible,” and queries whether that place 
must not ultimately be made an out-station 
of Amadia. In writing in regard to Mardin, 
he mentions some pleasing facts, as well as 
some which are adverse. 

Progress — The Dispensary. 

There has been steady progress in the 
work at Mardin this summer. The Sab- 
bath congregation has increased from 
twenty-five to thirty-five, and soon after 
our arrival Mrs. Haskell commenced a 
weekly meeting for women, which has 
about a dozen attendants. Few venture 
to our regular meetings until they are 
committed as Protestants. 

The dispensary has drawn crowds to 
us ; we have had more than a hundred 
visitors in a day. It did not seem expe- 
dient to have a regular service, as in 
Mosul, but we endeavored to converse 
with every Christian who came. My 
tongue is not yet very fluent in Arabic, 
so the burden of conversation has fallen 
upon the helper, Behnan. He has often 
talked from morning till night, and one 
evening came in saying : “ I think I shall 
be killed by talking. The people are 
with me all day, and I cannot be silent; 
and every night I am completely ex- 
hausted.” 

The Jacobite and papal priests soon 
became alarmed, and forbade any to come 
to us for medicine, so that for a month 
we have had comparatively few callers. 
The people think, that in hot weather 
medicine is highly injurious, and this 
perhaps, more than the priests’ injunction, 
has lessened the number of visitors. 

Persecution. 

We know of numbers who are inquir- 
ing into this new way, but are afraid to 
avow themselves. A man who had be- 
gun to attend our meetings was seized a 
few days since, and required to pay a 
tax of one hundred and thirty piasters. 



He is so poor that hitherto nothing has 
been taken from him, and not being able 
to pay this, he wa^ thrown into prison 
until he promised to leave the Protestants. 

A poor woman, who has been at Mrs. 
Haskell’s meetings, and sometimes at the 
chapel, was last week sent for by the 
Patriarch, who told her: “You must 
leave those Protestants. Whatever they 
have given you, even to 2,000 piasters, 
($80,) you must return, and we will give 
you as much.” She snapped her fingers 
in his face and said : “ They have never 
given me one para,” — (a mill.) “ But,” 
continued he, “ they are very bad people, 
and you will be ruined by them.” “ They 
are not,” she replied, “ I have been to 
the house and listened to the words of 
the hartoon, (the lady,) and have heard 
the preaching in the church, and I have 
never heard or seen any thing bad. 
They teach the Gospel.” 

The thing feared more than all others 
is excommunication, and the Protestants 
have suffered greatly from this. No one 
is allowed to trade with excommunicated 
persons, to receive them into a house, or 
even to speak with them. They can col- 
lect no debts, and are despised and 
abused by all. It requires a great deal 
of moral courage to put one’s self in the 
position of an accursed one, whom the 
boys in the street may cast dirt upon 
with impunity. 

Within a few days the taxes have been 
assessed anew upon the Protestants, and 
two individuals have been compelled to 
pay 250 piasters more than is justly due. 
We have endeavored to obtain the re- 
moval of the excommunication, and a 
rating of the taxes of the Protestants ac- 
cording to those of the other communities, 
but in vain. The Governor of Mardin 
several times promised to do all that we 
wished, but a Turk's word is the poorest 
of all assurances. Several applications 
to the English consul have been equally 
fruitless. 

Want of Protection. 

Dr. Haskell presents a dark picture of the 



1859. 



365 



Assyria Mission : — Letter from Mr. Marsh. 



condition of the country in regard to religious 
liberty, and the general character and conduct 
of government officials. His experience, ob- 
viously, has been less favorable than that of 
many other missionaries, partly, at least, be- 
cause he has been further from the centre of 
authority and influence. He writes : 

It is impossible to protect ourselves ; 
much more, this persecuted people. We 
are exposed to insult every time we step 
into the streets. I have been hooted at, 
and called by all the vile terms which 
Moslem boys know so well how to use, 
from one end of the city to the other, 
scores of times ; and our complaint to the 
Governor, for whose family I have spent 
no little time and medicine, received the 
very consoling reply : “ No matter if they 
do revile you, don’t listen to them.*’ Sol- 
diers beat our servants in the streets, and 
plunder them of their marketing, and the 
only satisfaction we get on complaint to 
the commanding officer is : “ Well, I told 
them to do it.” There is no American 
consul in this part of the Empire, and our 
Ambassador at Constantinople is power- 
less to protect us. 

Religious toleration in Turkey is a 
myth. The members of the Christian 
sects even, are not free to choose their 
religion. Not one of the provisions of 
the great firman has taken effect in these 
interior provinces, and the condition of 
the Christians is even worse, in some re- 
spects, than before the war. 

The Government of Turkey is utterly 
corrupt. I have never known an honest 
Turkish official. The Pashas of the 
provinces, and the highest officers of the 
Empire, take bribes openly and constant- 
ly, with not the least shatne. Justice is 
turned aside and truth is trodden to the 
earth. In all matters brought before the 
Government, the party which gives the 
largest bribe gains the case. Moslems 
and papists scruple at nothing, and Pro- 
testants cannot bribe if they would, so 
they have no chance for justice. Papists, 
too, are protected by all the force of 
French influence, while Protestants are 
disowned by those who could protect 
them. 



MOSUL. 

LETTER FROM MR. MARSH, AUGUST 22, 

1859. 

Death ff Mrs. Marsh and “ JValHeJ' 

Amoxg items of recent intelligence in the 
November Herald, the announcement was 
made, that Mrs. Marsh, of Mosul, had been 
suddenly called to her home above. The 
particulars of the event, so deeply afflictive, 
not only to the bereaved husband and other 
immediate relatives, but to all the surviving 
members of the often afflicted Assyria mis- 
sion, and to the many who feel for and with 
them, are given in this letter from Mr. Marsh. 
And while we And him bowing so meekly to 
the will of God, others will be ready to say, 
with him, The will of the Lord be done. 

Mr. and Mrs. Marsh, and Mrs. Lobdell, had 
decided to spend the summer in Mosul, while 
Dr. and Mrs. Haskell would go to Mardin. 
Little "Waldo Marsh was sick with fever 
before Dr. Haskell left, and he wished to 
remain ; but as he had engaged his muleteers, 
and the child seemed better, it was decided 
that he should go on. For a few days the 
dear boy continued apparently better, when 
the disease assumed an unfavorable aspect, 
and on the 5th of May he “went before.” 
His age was two years and near five months. 
Mr. Marsh writes: 

We thanked God that his death occur- 
red while it was yet cool, and that he 
was spared all the heats of summer, and 
now, all the pains of this lower world. 

A fortnight later, Mrs. Marsh had a 
severe attack of fever and we talked 
much of death. The gracious Savior 
had wonderfully sustained her, and taken 
away all fear even of the agony of dying. 
The presence of the Holy Comforter was 
granted in such measure, that I felt that 
she was ripe for heaven. Yet God was 
merciful to us, and she almost immedi- 
ately recovered. 

She had taken a class of five little 
Arab girls, and now that Wallie no 
longer needed her care, she devoted 
herself to them with new diligence. 
Mrs. Haskell had assisted her in this 
care during the winter and spring, and 
now Mrs. Lobdell was able to help, and 
the children made such rapid progress 
as to fill our hearts, and the hearts of 
their parents, with great joy. Up to the 



366 



Dec. 



Assyria Mission : — Letter from Mr, Marsh. 



day but one before she died, they con- 
tinued to come. Then, as she had a 
little fever, she dismissed them till the 
following" Monday. 

She had some sweet hymns prepared 
for them by Behnan Hassouna, one of 
our native helpers who studied at Abeih ; 
and the children enjoyed them, and often 
repeated and sung them. We hoped 
these few day scholars would be the 
nucleus of a future school of more value. 

On the night of Tuesday before she 
died, she had a little fever, which con- 
tinued on Wednesday. It was not nearly 
so severe as the fever she had in May, 
and none of us thought it serious. The 
next day, Thursday, she was free from 
fever, and wrote two pages of a letter 
to Mrs. Walker. The American post 
came in, and she enjoyed it as usual. 

Friday, (the day she died,) she break- 
fasted and dined with us as usual, ex- 
cept that a part of the time at dinner 
she sat upon a lounge, close by. After 
dinner the fever returned, but before tea 
it was light, her pulse reaching only 100, 
or 102. She did not take tea with us, 
but after tea sat up in her chair, while I 
was talking with some native friends. 

The night before, after sundown, the 
mercury was 113° — the hottest weather 
I have ever known in Mosul. During 
the day, in our court, it was 120°. This 
night, the mercury was 111° after sun- 
down. We concluded to sleep on the 
roof as usual, where the mercury would 
not be much above 100°. During the 
afternoon she had been much oppressed 
for breath, but on applying oil to her fore- 
head and nose, the difficulty was removed. 
Although we were accustomed always 
to speak with the utmost freedom of 
death, especially since the departure of 
her darling boy, yet none of us thought 
of it as probable now. In her letter to 
Mrs. Walker, written the day before, 
she alluded confidently to the future. 

After sleeping a little upon the roof 
she said to me : “ I am perspiring nicely. 
All my pains are gone. I could not have 
believed I could change so much, so soon. 



I am perfectly comfortable, only I do 
not want to stir, lest the burning dryness 
should return.” These are her words 
as nearly as I can recall them. Fifteen 
minutes later she said : “ Oh ! I have 
got back just where I was before ; I am 
dry all over.” She was, indeed, in a 
burning fever ; and we concluded to 
come down and sleep inside, as the wind 
had risen a little. She came part of the 
way alone, but I half carried her most 
of the way. This was about nine 
o’clock, P. M. Half an hour later, more 
or less, she made some remark which 
led me to suspect that her mind wander- 
ed, and I rose and dressed myself at 
once. For a while she was quiet, but 
finally began to toss about, and was 
plainly growing quite delirious. I could 
not quiet her so as to take her pulse, but 
her body felt like fire. She did not 
recognize me, and I could not leave her 
for a moment. She wanted to walk 
about, and soon began to say : “ I want 
to go and sing,” repeating it thirty or 
forty times. I took her in my arms to a 
lounge in the court. She continued 
saying: “I want to go and sing before;” 
and then, “Before — before — before;” 
then “ Be — be,” for several hundred 
times. Mrs. Lobdell and Halata, a fa- 
vorite nurse, came. She fainted. We 
put her feet in hot water, and sent for 
leeches, and for an Armenian doctor, 
who bled her, but in vain. Before half- 
past eleven, P. M., her spirit had gone. 
She died August 12, 1859, aged thirty 
years, and two months. 

Three days before, August 9, she put 
down the date, and marked a piece of 
poetry, of which I will quote one verse. 
She thought of her two children, both in 
heaven. 

“ Side by side, in garments spotless, 

Angels twain, how blest are we ; 

Kindly Jesus Christ did call us— 

‘ Little children, come to me ! ’ 

Soon the Lord will call you homeward ; 

Side by side we then will come — 

Stand to greet you at the portals 
Of our everlasting home.” 

I have no doubt those little ones, out 



1859. 



3G7 



Southern Armenians : — Letter from Dr. Pratt. 



of whose mouth is perfected praise, have 
welcomed her safe home. 

It is now nearly ten years since she 
made choice to labor with me, in mission 
life. In two months, it will be seven 
years since we were married ; it is more 
than six years and a half, since she 
sailed, and six years and three months, 
since she reached Mosdl. Her mother 
and her only sister did not live to be 
thirty years old ; yet it is probable that 
her life was shortened by coming to this 
land. It is probable that the exceeding 
heat, so unusually extreme, cutting the 
leaves from the tree in our court by 
thousands, and causing many natives of 
the country to fall dead by the road- 
side, was the immediate occasion of her 
death. 

Yet she was ready ; her lamp was 
trimmed and burning; and especially, 
subsequent to the remarkable gift of the 
Holy Comforter after the death of her 
child. She always expressed herself as 
delighted that she lived in Mosul rather 
than with her dear parents in New York ; 
or in Hartford, her childhood’s home. 
At the death-bed of Dr. Lobdell, and of 
Mrs. Harriet Williams, who died on her 
own bed in our house, she grew well 
acquainted with the kiqg of terrors ; and 
when, from the other verge of the dark 
river, she saw the Savior bearing away 
our lamb in his bosom, death ceased to 
have any terror. 

Why it pleased God to take her down 
blindfold into the dark valley I cannot 
tell. But he spared her all the pain of 
farewell, and while in a vague dream 
she was exclaiming : “ I want to go and 
sing before” — she went to sing, with ten 
thousand times ten thousand, and a great 
multitude whom no man can number ; to 
sing before the throne, the song of 
Moses and the Lamb. Knowing well, 
as I do, the choice of her life, her self- 
denial and growing unselfishness, I can- 
not doubt that her robes are washed 
and made white in the blood of the 
Lamb, and she adoring and praising 
God. 



Prospects at Mosul. 

What shall I say of the future pros- 
pects of Mosfil. Mrs. Lobdell now 
desires, if the mission approves, to start 
for America about October I. The 
habits and feelings and prejudices of the 
country, would make it hardly expedient 
for us both to remain, related as we are. 
I now expect to conduct her to the sea- 
shore, and then return to this field. God 
will direct the future, and your prayers 
will ascend with ours. 

The reported death of a papist out of 
town, and the refusal of the priests to 
pray him out of purgatory, led to a re- 
quest for me, and our Protestant preach- 
ers, to supply preaching for the usual 
three days of mourning. We had solemn 
audiences of forty or fifty, and once, one 
hundred and fifteen or one hundred and 
twenty persons, not accustomed to hear 
our preaching, and who pronounced it 
good. 

There is a work in this city, which 
our native brethren now believe will go 
on, even though no missionary ever set 
foot again within these walls. But we 
hope better things of the American 
churches. May God open their hearts 
to offer unto him costly offerings, well 
pleasing in his sight. 



S5outIjern: ^rmeniait fission. — I^urlug. 

ALEPPO. 

LETTER FROM DR. PRATT, SEPTEMBER 

" 10 , 1859 . 

Dr. Pratt writes from Marash, where he 
had been for a few weeks, in accordance with 
the action of the mission. “We had the 
pleasure,” he says, “of worshiping under 
the unfinished roof of our new church last 
Sabbath, for the first time.” He writes, how- 
ever, not in regard to Marash mainly, but 
respecting an out-station of Aleppo, his own 
field, mentioning specially a state of things 
among Mohammedans which is very promis- 
ing. 

Encouragements at Killis. 

In my recent visit to Killis, I found 
some interesting circumstances. When 
I was there in April, the people them- 



368 



Northern Armenians 

selves were cold, and the audiences at 
the new chapel small and unsatisfactory. 
Even then, there were frequent Mussul- 
man hearers ; but we felt a degree of 
dissatisfaction with the result of our 
church-building labors. Since then, how- 
ever, there has been a great increase of 
interest, and the number of Mussulman 
hearers is quite considerable. I know of 
no place where any such interest has 
been awakened among them. Every Sab- 
bath, as many as five men and women, 
and oftener ten or fifteen, are found lis- 
tening to the sermons. So constant has 
it become, that the preacher often adapts 
his language to the Moslems, using terms 
peculiar to them. I attended the women’s 
meeting on Wednesday. There were 
seventy-five present, five or six at least 
being Moslems. They often come to the 
school, asking when the “ hadis ” (their 
term for a sermon from their Moollahs) 
is to begin. 

Do not suppose that there is any gen- 
eral inquiry into the truth of Christianity, 
even among those who come. The fact 
is simply this — they recognize the gen- 
eral excellence of the doctrine preached, 
and their better nature longs for it. As 
our helper said, they are hungry for spir- 
itual food. They hear, indeed, some 
things which offend them, but most of it 
is approved by their consciences. One 
was overheard one day, in his shop, re- 
peating, with much commendation, the 
heads of a sermon on covetousness, which 
he had heard the day before. There is 
an unusual degree of freedom in that 
place, and though I do not suppose the 
harvest to have come, I rejoice at such 
opportunities to sow seed, and feel, now, 
that our neat little chapel was not built 
in vain. Such facts as these are signs. 
Are we, and are the churches, prepared, 
or preparing, for the great things which 
will surely take place among this people ? 
I believe it will be with a baptism of the 
Holy Ghost, perhaps a baptism of fire. 

School. 

The common school also is in a very 



■Letter from Mr. Allen. Dec. 

flourishing condition, containing about 
120 scholars, a large proportion, of course, 
being from the Armenians. The Bishop 
removes the scholars, and in a few days 
they return, saying they do not like the 
other school. The school is v/ell organ- 
ized, on the monitorial system, and is 
very orderly and well behaved. It at- 
tracts much notice from all classes, espe- 
cially Mussulmans, and is visited by the 
chief men of the place. 

The Armenians are building a large 
and expensive church, and are very earn- 
estly engaged in it ; a portion of them 
cherishing the hope that there will be no 
pictures placed in it. This hope will not 
be realized, and they will the more easily 
turn their backs on their old connections. 

Our hearts are saddened, and many 
apprehensions are raised in our minds, 
by the embarrassments of the Board’s 
treasury. 

^orll^ern g^rnttniEn piissicn. — 

KHARPO O T. 

LETTER FROM MR. ALLEN, AUGUST 12, 

1859. 

Mr. Allen commences his letter by re- 
marking, that having been for some time 
alone at the station, he had had little time for 
writing. Mr. Wheeler had now returned 
from attending the annual meeting of the 
mission, and Mr. Barnum, also designated 
to that place, had arrived at Kharpoot. Re- 
porting the state of the work, our brother 
first refers to 

Increased Congregations. 

For a year and a half, previous to May 
last, there was no perceptible increase in 
our city congregations, but in the begin- 
ning of May a remarkable change took 
place in the attendance. This was the 
case particularly with a Bible-class, held 
every Sabbath morning at our principal 
chapel, in the eastern section of the 
city. The number became so large at 
length, that I put up a gallery, covering 
one-third of the chapel, to accommodate 
the women, leaving all the lower part for 
the men. The largest attendance at the 



1859. 



Northern Armenians : — Letter from Mr. Allen. 



369 



Bible- class has been 160, the smallest, 
120. An anathema, read at one of the 
Armenian churches a few weeks since, 
has somewhat diminished the number of 
new comers. Bible-classes have also 
been established in all of the Armenian 
churches, with the hope of keeping the 
people from coming to the chapel. In 
these classes, so far as I have heard, the 
time has been occupied in discussing 
“foolish questions.” But though they 
derive no profit, we rejoice to see such a 
state of public opinion as compels the 
ecclesiastics to turn aside from their 
old, beaten path, and at least pretend 
to explain the Scriptures to their peo- 
ple. 

Priest Kevork — Out-Stations. 

Priest Kevork, who went back to the 
Armenian church more than a year ago, 
still continues to preach the Gospel, 
neither Vartabeds nor people making any 
objection. His place is now in one of 
the large churches in the city. That he 
is thus allowed freely to preach in an 
Armenian church, furnishes cheering ev- 
idence that the prejudices of the people 
are giving way before the power of the 
truth. 

Of the out-stations, only Palu, Choon- 
koosh, Hooeli and Sursuri have been oc- 
cupied during the summer. Preaching 
services have been kept up on the Sab- 
bath at Hulahkegh and Mezereh, supplied 
from the city. Hoghi has been visited 
by a helper every Sabbath, while Ha- 
boosi, Ichmeh, and Shukhaji, have been 
visited monthly by some of the class of 
helpers. The audiences at Palu and 
Hulahkegh, as well as at the city, have 
been encouraging. 

Neio Chapel at Hulahkegh. 

The room occupied as a chapel at Hulah- 
kegh had become too strait for the audience, 
and with the assistance of native brethren, in 
money, materials and labor, a new chapel, 24 
feet by 34, has been provided. “ A small 
upper room is also built at one side, for the 
accommodation of those who go there to 
preach on the Sabbath.” It is, Mr. Allen 
VOL. LV. 24 



says, “an occasion of great rejoicing, both to 
us and to our native brethren there, that we 
have so comfortable a place in which to 
preach the Gospel ; and we shall now confi- 
dently expect to realize the hopes inspired 
by former signs of promise.” 

Sale of Books — Efforts of Papists. 

Contrary to our expectations, the sale 
of books has not fallen off materially 
during the summer, which is the dull 
season for trade here. The number of 
Bibles, Testaments and Psalms sold in 
the city and at out-stations, during the 
first seven months of the present year, is 
457, and of other bound volumes 710, for 
which we have received 450 dollars. 
The sale of Bibles and religious books 
has, by the blessing of God, become an 
important part of our work, and even if 
we could do nothing more, we feel that 
it w'ould be well worth our time and 
strength to place so many good books, 
especially God’s word, in the hands of 
the people. 

The Catholics have of late been mak- 
ing strenuous effort to gain a foothold in 
the city. At Mezereh, the seat of the 
Pashalic, where most of the would-be 
Franks reside, there has been, for twm 
years past, a considerable Catholic party. 
Lately they have established a school in 
the city. We hear of their efforts, also, 
in some of the villages of the plain. 
The chief Vartabed has contiibuted 
somewhat to strengthen this party, not 
by direct efforts, but by being a very un- 
acceptable man to the Armenians. This 
Vartabed, however, is now removed, and 
Aristarchus Vartabed has been appointed 
in his place. He was formerly here, and 
was very much liked by the people. He 
was also very friendly to us, calling to 
see us, and making no opposition to our 
work. We esteem him a man of integ- 
rity, education and talent, and have great 
reason to hope that his influence upon 
the people will contribute to the advance- 
ment of the work ; not only in restraining 
his people from going over to Catholi- 
cism, but also in favoring the circulation 
of the Scriptures among them. 



370 



Northern Armenians:— 
Educating Helpers — Neio Pasha. 

Eight of our helpers, together with 
four other promising young men, have 
been under the instruction of our native 
preacher for three and a half months. 
They are very zealous in the prosecution 
of their studies, and have made commend- 
able progress. Since hearing of the ac- 
tion of the annual meeting, transferring 
the theological school from Tocat to this 
place, we have discontinued the recita- 
tions of this class, in order that both 
teacher and scholars may be preparing 
for the opening of the school, which will 
commence September J3th. 

A new Pasha has been located here 
since we last wrote you. We have had 
no business with him as yet, but from 
what we have heard he seems to be a 
man of more energy and independence 
than his predecessors. Recently he gave 
an order, giving to the Armenians of 
Agin liberty to use a “ gochnak,” or 
board which, being beaten with mallets, 
answers for a bell in Eastern churches. 
The Turks of the place interfered and 
prevented them from using it. This hav- 
ing been made knowm to the Pasha, he 
brought eight or ten of the chief men 
and put them in prison, saying : “ Who 
are you, that you resist my orders.” 

SMYRNA. 

LETTER FROM MR. DODD, SEPTEMBER 

12, 1859. 

Mr. Dodd refers to the labors of helpers in 
several places around Smyrna, making state- 
ments respecting these places, and also in 
regard to incidents in Smyrna, which will be 
read with much interest. 

Progress at Magnesia. 

A helper has just returned from Mag- 
nesia. You may remember that nine 
months ago I spent a little time there, 
and although I had very little access to 
the mass of the people, there were en- 
couraging signs, amid the darkness. My 
house was marked and watched by spies. 

I had difficulty in getting a servant. 



'Letter from Mr. Dodd. Dec. 

Both Greek and Armenian Bishops warn- 
ed their people against me, and even 
seemed afraid to speak to me in the street. 
I was alone in the midst of the crowd, 
and worst of all, the only Protestant who 
gave evidence of true piety was so filled 
with fear that he only dared visit me in 
the darkness of night, and rarely even 
thus. Able to do little else, I spent my 
time very much in prayer, and went away 
from the place finally, wuth the confidence 
that day was about to dawn there. 

We determined to send a helper, but 
found no one, until recently, whom it 
seemed best to send. He has just re- 
turned, and reports quite a change in the 
place. The people conversed freely, and 
invited him to their houses to talk of 
spiritual things. He carried his Bible 
with him, and read and talked about it 
every where. 

The Armenians of Magnesia reside by 
themselves, in what is called the “ upper 
village.” When I was there, I could get 
no access whatever in this part of the 
towm. I walked through it again and 
again, stopped and talked with solitary 
individuals, but found no way of getting 
among the people and visiting their 
houses. But now, our helper had spent 
a Sabbath in that upper village, reading 
and expounding the Bible. The Protes- 
tant who had been so fearful, (pilgrim 
Stepan,) had grown bolder, and invited 
him to his house. He found another 
who frequently had gatherings at his 
house, of those who would hear the Gos- 
pel and discuss its truth. We have 
much hope for Magnesia. 

Difficulties at Thyatira. 

From Thyatira we have sadder news 
to tell. A difficulty between church mem- 
bers, which we thought settled in the 
spring, proved to be only smothered, has 
broken out again more violently, and the 
work of God stands still. The native 
preacher injudiciously allowed himself to 
be drawn into it as a partisan, and we 
may find it necessary to send him else- 
where. I propose to go there in about a 



1859. 



371 



Northern Armenians : — Letter from Mr. Dwight. 



fortnight. May I have wisdom and grace, 
and may God soften their hearts. 

In Smyrna itself, Mr. Dodd says, there is 
progress, though it is not very marked at 
present. He speaks of a Persian who, for 
six months, has heard more or less of the 
truth, and professed to believe, though his 
heart is unaffected ; and of two Mohammedan 
negro slaves, who give evidence of being much 
interested. One of them asks for baptism, 
and her mistress, “ a beautiful Circassian 
woman,” approves of it. 

A Turk Seeking Books. 

A few days ago, our colporter Sarkis 
met in the street a Turkish officer, who, 
to his surprise, greeted him with an ori- 
ental embrace, as an old friend. He 
proved to be one who had known him in 
the Crimea, (Sarkis was there during the 
war,) and who is commander of one of 
the Sultan’s frigates, just now in our 
harbor. He inquired after Sarkis’s busi- 
ness, and finding that he carried books 
to sell, for the missionaries, asked if he 
had any Turkish Testaments. Being an- 
swered in the affirmative, he invited him 
to go on board of the frigate with a 
supply of books, saying: “We will sell 
them to the men also.” Before leaving 
him he repeated the invitation two or 
three times, and begged him not to fail. 
He has gone on board to-day. 

An Earnest Laborer. 

In this colporter we think we have 
quite a treasure. He was at one time 
our cook. He had many faults, and we 
hesitated about receiving him to the 
church ; but the grace of God has been 
mighty in him. He is not learned, nor 
strong minded ; but the love of souls, and 
zeal for his Master, consume him. Though 
feeble in body, and often suffering much, 
he will walk from one end of the city to 
the other for the smallest chance of doing 
good. 

He was at one time servant in an 
Armenian family, and now occasionally 
visits them and preaches the truth. He 
says they laugh at him, and call him in- 
sane; but they may call him what they 



like, and treat him as they like, if they 
will only let him preach to them the 
truth. He has sold more books in the 
last three months, I think, than our yearly 
sales have amounted to, for some years. 

CONSTANTINOPLE. 

LETTER FROM MR. DWIGHT, SEPTEMBER 

26 , 1859 . 

Censorship of the Press. 

Mr. Dwight refers, in this letter, to sev- 
eral matters of interest. He first mentions 
serious embarrassments of “the worthy civil 
head of the Protestants,” from the want of 
funds ; states that Mr. and Mrs. Clarke were 
about leaving Constantinople for Philippopo- 
lis, taking with them, as a helper, a prom- 
ising young Greek, a book-binder, whose 
employer readily sacrificed his own interests, 
to allow the young man to engage more di- 
rectly in labors for the good of souls ; and 
then speaks of new difficulties in the opera- 
tions of the mission press, growing out of the 
course pursued by the government censor for 
Armenian books. The censor had allowed 
the publication of a book attacking all Pro- 
testants, “in a shameful manner,” but would 
not sanction a reply to this, prepared by Mr. 
Hamlin. He had also refused to permit the 
reprinting of a book, published by the mission 
ten years ago, comparing Protestantism with 
the papacy. Mr. Dwight says: “It was 
plain enough that the Armenians were taking 
advantage of this censorship of the press to 
give us trouble, and that if the thing were 
allowed to go on, we should eventually be 
unable to publish any thing that did not suit 
the Armenian church. We appealed to the 
Protestant ambassadors, and the other day 
we had the great satisfaction of receiving a 
note from Sir Henry Bulwer, infoi-ming us 
that he had procured an order from the Porte, 
to have an Armenian Protestant censor ap- 
pointed, to examine all Protestant books. 
This is as it should be, and we give all honor 
to Sir Henry, for having secured so important 
a point for the native Protestants, and for us.” 

Mohammedans — A Case of Interest. 

Our brother next refers to a case of special 
interest among Mohammedans, and to his 
own strong desire to be able to preach in the 
Turkish language, as well as the Armenian. 

I have recently had a deeply interest- 
ing interview with a Mohammedan of 



Dec. 



372 Northern Armenians: — Letter from Mr. Divight. 



high rank here. I have never met with 
such a case before. I dare not give ut- 
terance to all my feelings on the subject, 
for we never can be sure of these orien- 
tals until after a long trial ; but I felt, 
when I was talking with this man, that I 
saw before me a pledge of great blessings 
in store for the Turkish people. Indeed, 
I think we have several such pledges in 
this mission field. This man professes 
now to be altogether a Christian, his 
whole appearance was that of a man of 
deep religious feeling, and I saw nothing 
to justify any suspicion of insincerity. 
He is living in the very midst of the high- 
est Turks of Constantinople, and openly 
avows the change in his religious views, 
yet no one molests him. May God give 
him grace to be faithful unto death! 

I feel, now, a strong desire to preach 
in the Turkish language. The Arme- 
nian, you know, is my preaching lan- 
guage. Although I have always used 
the Turkish more or less in conversation, 
and especially in the transaction of busi- 
ness, I never attempted to preach in it, 
and it would require some few months of 
special study to enable me to do so ; but 
perhaps I may undertake it. My strong 
desire leans that way, yet I have not 
fully persuaded my judgment that, at my 
time of life, and with all my other duties, 
such a course would be wise. 

The Threatened Insurrection. 

We have lately had a very narrow es- 
cape from a terrible insurrection in Con- 
stantinople. The immediate cause of it 
was, extensive disaffection among the 
troops, in consequence of not receiving 
their pay for some months back. The 
bigoted Mohammedan party appear to 
have taken advantage of this state of 
things, and to have prevailed upon many 
officers of the Turkish army, some of high 
rank, to unite with them in forming a 
plot for the overthrow of the present Gov- 
ernment. The troops were to put the 
Sultan to death as he was going to 
mosque, and also his leading ministers, 
who always accompany him. The Sul- 



tan’s brother was to be put upon the 
throne, and they hoped every thing would 
then be arranged in their own way. 

The plot was discovered on Thursday 
night, a little more than a week ago, the 
very day before the rising was to take 
place ; and a large body of the ringlead- 
ers, who were then secretly assembled 
for the purpose of making the final 
arrangements, were suddenly arrested 
and put into prison. Arrests have been 
taking place every day since. One 
Pasha, (Jaffer Pasha,) whom they were 
sending to a prison on the other side of 
the Bosphorus, when half way across, 
jumped into the stream, and has not 
since been seen. Of course, every body 
would naturally suppose that he was 
drowned, but we have since learned that 
he was a famous swimmer, and possibly 
he is safe. 

A court is now in session trying the 
offenders, whe are said to be very nu- 
merous. The official Government paper 
has announced that, in all, there were 
only thirty or forty conspirators, and that 
they are chiefly Koords and Circassians ! 
This statement has been made sport of 
by another paper, published on the 
ground, (both journals being in the 
French language.) Every body feels 
assured that several hundreds, at least, 
have been arrested, and nobody believes 
that there was a Koord or Circassian 
among them. It is affirmed on all hands, 
that there was no intention, on the part 
of the conspirators, to attack the native 
Christians, or foreigners ; and this I can 
easily believe ; for the most ignorant 
Turk here knows that, besides the inevi- 
table certainty of an immediate visitation 
of the revenging fleets and armies of all 
Europe, the Greek population of Con- 
stantinople itself, aided as they would 
soon be by swarms of their co-religionists, 
from European Turkey, together with 
the tens of thousands of Europeans re- 
siding here, or afloat in the numberless 
merchant ships that are ever crowding 
this harbor, not one of whom is without 
arms, would be more than a match for 



1859. 



373 



Recent Intelligence — Donations. 



the degenerate Moslem race living in 
this capital. 

I feel quite sure, that no men here who 
were capable of taking the lead in such 
an insurrection would, at this day, insert 
in their programme, the massacre of the 
Christians. At the same time, it is im- 
possible to predict whereunto an insur- 
rection against the Turkish Government 
might grow. In spite of the intention of 
its leaders, it might involve an extermi- 
nating religious war ; and we cannot be 
too grateful to our Father who is in 
heaven, for having so providentially 
interfered, and led to the timely discov- 
ery of so dangerous a plot. Possibly it 
may now be thought necessary for the 
public safety, to have several foreign 
ships of war always kept at anchor in 
the Bosphorus. 



Recent Inlelligentt. 

Ahmedxuggtjr.— Mr. Ballantine writes, 
September 8 : 

I mentioned last month the visit of the 
Governor of Bombay, Lord Elphinstone, to 
our mission schools, and his donation of three 
hundred rupees to the mission. Since he left 
here he has sent me two hundred rupees. I 
am happy to be able to say that we continue 
to receive contributions from our English 
friends in this country. A gentleman (in 
Bombay formerly, but now in Ireland,) has 
just sent us six hundred rupees, his usual 
yearly subscription for the support of one of 
our native pastors ; and last evening I receiv- 
ed one hundred rupees from a gentleman in 
Surat, the amount of his annual subscription. 
I wish we might obtain enough to relieve your 
treasury somewhat. 

Syria. — Mr. Hurter wrote from Beirut, 
September 10: “I am happy to inform you, 
that the affairs of the mountains are in pro- 
gress of settlement, and the prospect of a 
lasting peace is more hopeful. The Druzes 
are obliged to restoie what they have plun- 
dered, and the houses destroyed are to be 
rebuilt, at their expense and that of the gov- 
ernment.” 

Greece. — Dr. King wrote from Athens, 
September 24 : 

I have just been, most unexpectedly, cited 
to appear before the judicial authorities of 
Athens, to answer to the charges brought 
against me about two and a half years since, 
by P. I. Kephalas. I received the citation 
day before yesterday, and yesterday I was 
examined for about two hours, and then the 
accusation was read to me, which is so absurd, 



that I doubt whether a Greek court even will 
find in it cause for condemnation. Should I 
be tried and condemned, the penalty is im- 
prisonment from three months to two years, 
and a fine of something over thirty dollars. 

The accusation is as follows: “You are 
accused of having united with various others, 
(whose names are mentioned,) in the year 1855 
and afterwards, in this place, without per- 
mission of the Government, for the purpose of 
assembling together from time to time, under 
express forms and rules, excluding those who 
were not particularly initiated, to occupy 
yourselves concerning objects which refer to 
religion ; guarding silence by understanding, 
and concealing intentionally from the author- 
ities this unlawful union — its objects, its 
rules, its members, its meetings, its decisions, 
its occupations ; and that you oblige them, 
under oath, to keep silence and secrecy ; and 
that this union had for object a new religion, 
not recognized by the Government ; and that 
the object of this union was also an endeavor 
to increase its members.” 

I have written this translation of it in a 
very hasty manner, so as to send it by to- 
day’s mail, but I believe it is substantially 
correct. 



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Washington co. Aux. So. G. W. Scott, Tr. 

Northfield, 1st cong. ch. and so. 12 00 

Windsor co. Aux. So. J. Steele, Tr. 

East Wcathersfield, M. Kimball, 15 00 



18 


47 






22 


00 






» 

70 


CO- 


-no 


47 






21 


60 


111 


47 






1 


00 






50 


00 






, 30 


CO 






) 

56 


16- 


-248 


63 



30 00 



422 60 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Berkshire co. Aux. So. H. G. Davis, Tr. 

Monterey, Cong. ch. m. c. 

Pittsfield, Maplewood Inst. m. c. 

Stockbridge, Cong. ch. m. c. wh. 
with prev. dona. cons. Jared 
Reid an H. M. 

Boston, S. A. Danforth, Agent, 

Essex CO. 

Andover, Chapel cong. ch. 

Lawrence, A friend, 

Marblehead, A friend, 

N. Andover, Trin. cong. ch. and so. 30 CO 
Salem, Tab. ch. m. c. 26,16 5 two 
friends, 30 ; 

Essex CO. North Aux. So. J. Caldwell, Tr. 

Amesbury and Salisbury Mills Village, 

Cong. ch. and so. 

Hampden co. Aux. So. C. O. Chapin, Tr. 

Agawam, Cong. ch. 10 ; m. c. 40,14 ; 50 14 
Blandford, Cong. ch. gent. asso. 

32,.>50 ; la 45,26 ; m. c. 14,37 j 92 13 
Feeding Hills, Cong. ch. 26 83 

Holyoke, 1st cong. ch. 18 ; m. c. 

24,05 ; 2d cong. ch. wh. with 
prev. dona. cons. Charles Dyer 
anH. M.35; 77 05 

Longmeadow, Cong, church, gent, 
benev. asso. 171, to cons. Geo. 

Hooker an H. M. ; a friend, 3 ; 174 00 
Ludlow, Cong. ch. 36 06 

North Wilbraham, Cong ch. m. c. 

14,69; a thank-offering, 32,16 ; 46 85 

Palmer, 2d cong. ch. m. c. 30 00 

Southwick, Cong. ch. m. c. 11 08 

Springfield, South ch. and so. 450 00 
West Springfield, Cong. ch. m. c. 14 63-1, 
Hampshire co. Aux. So. S. W. Hopkins, Tr. 

Cummington, 1st cong. ch. and so. 

Middlesex co. 

Brighton, Cong. ch. and so. 166 50 

E. Cambridge, Evan. cong. ch. m. c. 10 60 
Malden, Ladies’ benev. so. 40 00 

Newton Corner, Eliot ch. R. L. 

Holman, 30 CO 

West Cambridge, Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 574 37 

West Dracut, Cong. ch. and so. 32 00 

Weston, Miss Fisk, 10 QO 

South Natick, John Eliot so. m. c. 3 00—866 47 

Middlesex co. North and vie. C. Lawrence, Tr. 
Ashby, Cong', ch. 30 00 

Fitchburg-, Calv. cong. ch. m. c. 

46,60 ; Religious charitable so. 
to cons. Charles H. Whitney, 

Joseph Upton, Miss Char- 
lotte CowDiN, Miss Lizzie 
L. Caswell, H. M. 400 ; 446 60 

Groton, Cong. ch. m. c. wh. with 
prev. dona. cons. Alfred B. 

Miller and Richard P. Joy 
H. M. 23,32 ; Joshua Green, to 
cons, himself an H. M. 100 ; 123 32 

Harvard, Cong. ch. 72 70 



08 77 
4 00 



Lancaster, Cong. ch. 17,23 ; un- 
known, 3 ; 20 23 

Lunenburg, Cong. ch. 17 75 

Townsend, do. 20 25 

Westford, Rev. L. Luce, 5 00 — 735 85 

Norfolk CO. Aux. So. Rev. W. L. Ropes, Tr. 

Roxbury, Vine st. ch. m. c. 17 50 

Sharon, Cong. ch. m. c. 39 01 

West Roxbury, So. evan. ch. and 
so. m. c. 9 52 

Wrentham, 1st cong. ch. 40 00—106 03 

Old Colony Aux. So. H. Coggeshall, Tr. 

New Bedford, Pacific cong. ch. ICO 00 

Palestine Miss. So. E. Alden, Tr. 

Quincy, Miss Gibbs, 5 00 

South Braintree, Cong. ch. and so. 12 78 — 17 78 
Taunton and vie. 

Mansfield, Ortho, cong. ch. and so. 5 00 
Norton, Trin. cong. ch. 270 25 — 275 25 

Worcester co. North Aux. So. C. Sanderson, Tr. 
South Royalston, Cong. ch. m. c. 14 00 
Winchendon, Cong. ch. 68,35 ; m. c. 

23,93 ; 92 28—106 28 

Worcester co. South Conf. of chs. W. C. Capron, Tr. 
Upton, Ortho, cong. ch. and so. 42 06 
Wesiboro’, Rev. W. T. Sleeper, 3 CO 
Whitinsville, Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 200 37 

Annual meeting of the conf. 66 21—311 64 

Worcester co. Central Asso. W. R. Hooper, Tr. 

366 99 

Auburn, Gent, and la. 18,70 ; m. c. 

23,59 : 42 29 

Berlin, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 25 63 

Paxton, Gent. 31 ; la. 23,47 ; m. c. 

16,04 ; 70 51 

Sterling, 25 77 

West Boylston, Gent. 60,76 ; la. 

33,68 ; 94 44 • 

Worcester, A friend, 7,50; indiv. 

25 ; do. 25 ; 57 50—683 13 



4,625 90 

Chelsea, Broadway ch. m. c. 23 69 



4,619 59 

Legacies. — Longmeadow, Miss Jennette C. 

White, 50 ; Shrewsbury, Mrs. Esther 
Stowe, by W. R. Hooper, Tr. 25; Mill- 
bury, Hannah L. Goodell, by L. Goodell, 
ex’r, 346,13; Boston, Ira Greenwood, by 
J. J. Soren, ex’r, 500 ; by Mrs. Green- 
wood, 200 ; 1,121 13 



5,770 72 

CONNECTICUT. 

Fairfield co. East Aux. So. 

Bridgeport, 2d cong. ch. 105 66 

Monroe, Cong. ch. 30 55 

Stratford, G. Loomis, 5 00 — 141 21 

Fairfield co. West Aux. So. C. Marvin, Tr. 
Fairfield, 1st cong. ch. and so. 161 47 
Green’s Farms, Cong. ch. and so. 

in part, 32 48 

Greenwich, 2d cong. ch. la. asso. 43 60 
North Greenwich, Cong. ch. 14,75; 
gent. 48,75 ; to cons. Rev. Wm. 

H. Knouse an H. M. 63,50 ; 127 00 

Stanwich, Cong. ch. 46 23—410 18 

Hartford co. Aux. So. A. G. Hammond, Tr. 

Bristol, Ladies’ asso. 42 82 

Canton Centre, Gent. 47,70 ; la. 

22,64 ; 70 34 

Colchester, Cong. ch. widow’s mite, 2 00 
East Avon, do. 34 75 

Hartford, Centre ch. m. c. 17 10 

Pequonnock, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 2 00 
Plainville, 2d cong. ch. to cons. 

Edwin N. Lewis an H. M. 112 00 
Simsbury, A thank-offering, 5 00 

Suffield, 1st cong. ch. and so. 148 97 — 434 98 
Litchfield co. Aux. So. G. C. Woodruff, Tr. 
Bethlem, Cong. ch. and so. 102 00 

Goshen, Cong. ch. and so. (of wh. 
to cons. Rev. William W. Nor- 
ton, of Otto, N. Y., an H. M. 

50 ;) 155,05 ; m. c. 27,83 ; 182 88 

Harwinton, Cong. ch. 69 07 

Litchfield, Cong. ch. and so. 174 03 



1859. 



Donations. 



375 



Milton, Cong. ch. and so. 


20 54 


Morris, Cong. ch. 103,19 ; m. c 




11,41 ; 


114 60 


New Hartford, South cong. ch. 


12 20 


New Preston, Cong. ch. 91 ; ch. 


and Waramang asso. m. c. 24 ; 


115 00 


Northfield, Cong. ch. and so. 


15 50 


Tenyville, do. m. c. 


2.J CO 


Torrington, do. 


27 .53 


Walcottville, do. 


45 90 


Washington, do. 155,18 ; m. c. 




22; 


177 18 


Watertown, Cong. ch. and so. 


182 55 


Winchester, Centre cong. ch. 


22 CO 


Anniversary coll. 


29 73-1,310 68 


Middlesex Asso. George Danielson, 


Tr. 


Centre Brook, Cong. ch. 


5 00 


Deep River, do. m. c. 


81 69 


East Haddam, Rev. I. Parsons, 


5 00 


Middle Haddam, Cong. ch. and so, 


. 15 00 


North Lvme, Cong. ch. 22,40; m 




c. 48,72 ; 


' 71 12-177 81 



New Haven City Aux. So. F. T. Jarman, Tr. 

New Haven, North ch. m. c 16,10 ; uni- 
ted m. c. 14,50 ; So. ch. 24,12 ; Gerard 
Hallock, 1.50 ; m. c. 8,40 ; Yale colleg’e 
m. c. 21,83 ; Davenport chapel, m. c. 

2,92 ; 3d ch. m. c. 87 ; Howe st. ch. 6 ; 330 87 
New Haven co. East Aux. So. F. T. Jarman, Tr. 

Fairhaven, 2d cong. ch. 19 75 

New Haven co. West Conso. A. Townsend, Tr. 
Milford, Plymouth ch. to cons. 

Charles Burtok Bassett an 
H. M. 105 50 



Naugatuck, Cong. ch. 44,63 ; m. c. 

45,05 j 89 68 

Waterbury, Cong. ch. 58,18; m. c 
25,14 ; united m. c. 30,66 ; 113 98 

Whitnevville, Gent. 44,75 ; la. 38,58; 
m. c. 16,30 ; 99 63-408 79 

New London and vie. and Norwich and vie. 

Aux. So. F. A. Perkins & C. Butler, Trs. 

New London, 1st cong. ch. (of wh. from 
the Ladies’ sewing so. to cons. Rev. 

Thomas P. Field an H. M. 50;) 

524,47 ; m. c. 70 ; 594 47 

Tolland co. Aux. So. E. B. Preston, Tr. 

Ellington, E. L. to cons. Isaac 
Clark an H. M. 100 00 

Tolland, Cong. ch. and so. 30 00—130 00 

Windham co. Aux. So. 

Thompson, 2d cong. ch. and so. 18 00 



Watertown and vie. A. Ely, Agent. 

Watertown, P. F. H. 10 00 

889 14 

Albany, 4th pres. ch. 100 ; Rev. D. 

Djer, 10; 110 00 

Cazenovia, J. W. 5 00 

Chester, Pres. c’n. 38 00 

Cornwall, D. Crane, 10 00 

Fredonia, Pres. ch. K'O 00 

Guilford, 1st cong. ch. 26 ; m. c. 10; 36 00 

Hopkinton, B. Culver, 10 00 

Johnstown, Pres. ch. 79 13 

Jordan, do. m. c. 3 00 

Lockport, S. D. 1 00 

Maine, Cong. ch. 6 Ot) 

Millville, do. 5 00 

Munnsville, Rev. Pindar Field, wh. 
with prev. dona. cons. Miss Har- 
riett Victoria Field an H. M. 50 00 

Nen^ Lebanon, A friend, 3 00 

Poughkeepsie, Pres. ch. 37 14 

South Amenia, do. 81 17 

Southold, do. 5 00 

Spencer, Cong. ch. m. c. 18 00 

Windham Centre, Young people’s 
benev. so. 10 04 

West Bloomfield, Cong. ch. and so. 

15,50 ; deduct counterfeit note, 2 ; 13 50 — 623 98 



1,513 12 

Leg^aetes.— Salem, Rufus Coon, by W. and 
T. P. Coon, ex’rs, 25 00 



1,538 12 

NEW JERSEY. 

By Samuel Work, Agent. 

Belvidere, 2d pres. ch. m. c. 100 06 

Bergen, Rev. B. C. Taylor, 5 00 

Bloomfield, Pres. ch. J. C. Baldwin, 25 00 
Dover, Pres. ch. wh. and prev. dona, 
cons. Mrs. Hannah C. Mills an 
H.M. (m. c. 4;) 10 00 

Lafayette, Pres. ch. 3 00 

Morristown, S. Johnstone, 15 00 

Newark, 1st pres. ch. (of wh. for the 
Choctaw mission, 10 ;) 291 62 

Orange, 1st pres. ch. 83 44 

South Orange, to cons. Moses A. 

Peck an H. M. 114 65 

West Bloomfield, Coll, and m. c. 176 43—724 14 



3,976 74 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Newport, Mr. Guild, 5 00 

NEW YORK. 

Geneva and vie. Aux. So. G. P. Mowry, Agent. 
Amboy, Pres. ch. 16 00 

Geneva, J. Bennet, 30 ; W. S. Scott, 

10; others, 32,50; D. L. Lum, 

10 ; 82 50 

Mount Morris, 1st pres. ch. m. c. 

55,06 ; young people’s miss. asso. 

31,25 ; 86 31 

Oaks Corners, Pres. ch. and cong. 12 20 

Oswego, 1st pres. ch. m. c. 100 ; 

O. J. Harman, 10 ; (Pres. ch. 93 ; 
m. c. 37 ; G. I. P. 5 ; ack. in the 
Nov. Herald as from Owego;) 110 00 

Naples, 11 01 

Ovid, Pres. ch. 25 54—343 55 

Greene co. Aux. So. J. Doane, Agent. 

Athens, Ebenezer King, 50 00 

Durham, Rhoda Kirtland, 25 00 

Hunter, Pres. ch. 5 00 — 80 CO 

New York and Brooklyn Aux. So. A. Merwin,Tr. 
(Of wh. fr. students of Union Theol. sem. 
m. c. 24 ; a miss, family, 20; Moses H. 
Baldwin, wh. with prev. dona. cons, 
him an H. M, 50 ;) 392 93 

St. Lawrence co. Aux. So. Rev. L. A. Chaney, Tr. 
Brasher Falls, Pres. ch. m. c. 4,16 ; 

MissE. A. W. 5; 9 16 

Chazy, J. C. Hubbell, 10 CO — 19 16 

Washington co. Aux. So. A. Eldredge, Tr. 

Middle Granville, Pres. ch. / 43 50 



824 20 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

By Samuel Work, Agent. 

Chester Co. I. N. Sloanaker, 10 00 

Danville, Mrs. Magill, 5 00 

Harrisburg, 1st pres. ch. 115,15; 
fern, prayer meeting, 14 ; m. c. 

10,91 ; Mrs. Duncan, 10 ; 150 06 

Philadelphia, Arch st. ch. B. A. 

Fahnestock, to cons. Mrs. Anna 
Mary Fahnestock an H. M. 

100 ; Mrs. Rebecca Gumbes, of 
the Epiphany (P. E.) ch. to cons. 

Rev. J. W. Cracraft an H. M. 

100 ; Clinton st. ch. Mrs. Stephen 
Harris and brother, 80 ; Central 
pres. ch. Northern Liberties, 

64,93 ; B. D. Stewart, 125 ; Cal- 



vary ch. J. S. Cummings, 20 ; 489 


93 




Williamsburg, 2d pres. ch. 


63 


50-718 


49 


Beecher’s Island, Miss. so. 




55 




Farmington, 


1 


46 




Minersville, Cong. ch. m. c. 


21 


30 




Montrose, Pres. ch. 16,50 ; Cent so. 








50c.; 


17 


00 




Nelson, 


2 


12 




Philadelphia, Rev. William Neil, 5 ; 








T. W. A. 1 ; a friend and child of 








a friend, 5 ; D. B. Stewart, 9 ; 


20 


CO — 62 


43 



780 92 

VIRGINIA. 

Alexandria, Misses Thurston, 3 00 

Fluvanna Co. John H. Cocke, 35 00 — 38 00 



376 



Donations. 



OHIO. 

By G. L. Weed, Tr. 

Cincinnati, 3d pres. ch. m. c. 6,53 ; 

1st Ger. ch. m. c. 5 ; sew. circle, 

4 ; O. S. Wood, 3 ; 18 53 

Portsmouth, Pres. ch. bal. 11 41 

Walnut Hills, Lane sem. m. c. 8 57 — 38 51 
Ashland, M. E. J. 12 00 

Mansfield, Cong-, ch. 126 73 

Oxford, W. C. M. 1 00—139 73 



Leeacte^.— Gallipolis, Mrs. B S. Tupper, by 
Wm. H. Langley, ex’r, 1,000 ; int. 177 ; 
ded. expenses, 68,20; 1,108,80; Hanging 
Bock, R. Hamilton, by J. G. Peebles, 
ex’r, 148,50 j 



178 24 



1,257 30 
1,435 54 



MICHIGAN. 

By Rev. C. Clark. 

Dowagiac, Cong. ch. Mrs. Wilsey, 25 

Detroit, N. D. S. 5 00 

Homer, Ladies, 15 00 

Hudson, Cong. ch. 20 00 

Kalamazoo, A. F. 3 00 

Pinkney, Mrs. Afieck, 1 00 

Port Huron, 1st cong. ch. 20 00 

Vassar, 13 00 

White Lake, 1st pres. ch. wh. with 
prev. dona. cons. Rev. W. P. Was- 
TELL an H. M. 16 87 — 93 87 



94 12 



3 00 
22 19 

5 00 — 3D 19 



INDIANA. 
By G. L. Weed, Tr. 

Greenwood, Mrs. H. M. C. 
Indianapolis, 2d pres. ch. m. c. 
New Albany, Mrs. C. 



ILLINOIS. 

By Pvev. C. Clark. 

Chicago, 1st pres. ch. to cons. F. II. 

Boyden an H. M. 150 00 

Dover, Cong. ch. 24 00 

Geneseo, Cong. ch. 26 00 

Mendota, Pres. ch. 2 04-202 04 

Carlinville, Pres. ch. ra. c. 10 (.0 

Cerro Gordo, do. do. 5 00 

Farmington, M. S. 10 00 

Fremont, R. O. 1 00 

Griggsville, 1st cong. ch. m. c. .50 00 

Lisbon, Rev. C. Bushnell, 10 00 

Ottawa, Plymouth cong. ch. 14 00 

Warsaw, 1st pres. ch. 15 00 

Wethersfield, 1st cong. ch. 19 21 — 134 21 

335 25 

KENTUCKY. 

Bv G. L. Weed, Tr. 

Louisville, Thomas Tracy, 30 00 

TENNESSEE. 

Cold Spring, Pres. ch. for the Gawar 
miss. 30 00 

Jonesboro’, Pres. ch. for the Gawar 
miss, to cons. Rev. Alexander 
A. Blair an n. M. 120 03 

Unknown, A small sum laid up for a 
rainy day, 20 00—170 00 

IOWA. 

Burlington, Cong. ch. 22 85 

Inland, S. N Grout, 13 OO 

Pine Creek, Cong. ch. Rev. C. F. Veitz, 5 00 — 40 85 



WISCONSIN. 

By Rev. C. Clark. 

Watertown, Cong. ch. 
Oconomowoc, E. B. P. 



MINNESOTA. 

St. Anthony, Cong. ch. 2 00 

St. Paul, Plymouth cong. ch. m. c. 5 00 
Wabashaw,* Cong. ch. 2 ; A. D 3; 

F. W. A. 2 ; 



3 75 
1 00 



4 75 



Jacksonville, 



FLORIDA. 



TEXAS. 



San Antonio, L. M. N. 

CALIFORNIA. 
Grass Valley, Cong. ch. 

OREGON. 
By Rev. G. H. Atkinson, Agent. 
Forest Groves, 

Portland, 



1 00 



5 00 



40 00 



7 00 
50 00 



57 00 

Less expenses of Rev. C. Eells to 

Waiilatpee for Board, 45 50 — 11 50 

FOREIGN LANDS AND MISSIONARY 
STATIONS. 

Barton, Can. West, United chs. 12 05 

Bloomfield, Chick, na. Members of the 
mission family to cons. Rev. J. H. Carr 
an H. M. 50 00 

Madura, Rev. E. Webb, .50 00 

Park Hill, Chero. na. m. c. 50 30 

Sherbrooke, Can. East cong. ch. m. c. 8 00 

Tuscarora miss. Coll, and m. c. 9 41 



179 76 



MISSION SCHOOL ENTERPRISE. 

(See details in Journal of Miscions.) 



New Hampshire, 
Vermont, 
Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, . 
New York, 

New Jersey, . 
Pennsylvania, 
Illinois, . 

In Foreign Lands, 



10 65 
18 

30 35 
14 66 

31 39 
138 41 

71 08 
10 00 

11 00 



$317 72 

Donations received in October, 14,447 63 
Legacies, 2,476 24 



$16,923 87 

TOTAL from August 1st to 
October 31st, $34,038 20 



1 00 
8 00 



50 03 



THANK-CFFERINGS FOR THE DEBT 

RECEIVED IN OCTOBER. 

MAINE. — E^stport. A poor widow, 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. — Fitzwilliam, An 
aged -widow. 

VERMONT.— Norwich, Members of the 
Young Men’s Christian Asso. 
MASSACHUSETTS. — Bradford, Leonard 
Johnson, lo cons. Laburton Johnson 
an H. M. 100 ; East Hampton, E. A. 

Clark, 2; East Hawley, cong. so. 2; 

North Bridgewater, a friend, 10 ; Nor- 
ton, Trill, cong. ch. 50 ; friends, 100 
Randolph, Wirithrop ch. and so. 201,25 
Sharon, cong. ch. young con\erts, 8,50 
South Egremont, cong. ch. and so. 20,25 
Winchendon, 1st cong. ch. and so. 11,68 
NEW YORK—Brasher Falls, M. H. 1 
Brooklyn, 1 ; Buffalo, T. P. Denison, 5 
Canterbury, Miss S. Silliman, 5 ; Haver- 
straiv. Rev. P. J. H. Myers, 10 ; New 
Y’ork, J. H. Hayes and wife, 10 ; Scho- 
harie, Mrs. D. S. Parsons, 5 ; J. S. Par- 
sons, 2 : 

OHIO.— Kinsman, A friend, 

ILLINOIS.— Dover, Cong. ch. young con- 
verts. 



5C5 68 



39 CO 
3 10 



00 



Previously received. 



612 71 
6U9 69 



7 00 — 14 00 



1,222 40 






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I 




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